AACR Cancer Progress Report 2019:
Transforming Lives Through Innovative Cancer Science


Cancer in 2019

Research continues to be our best defense against cancer. It powers the development of new and better ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, treat, and cure some of the many diseases we call cancer. Although we are making extraordinary advances every year cancer is an enormous public health challenge.

Understanding How Cancer Develops

Cancer is a collection of diseases that arise when the processes that control normal cell growth, division, and life span go awry. Although genetic mutations underpin cancer initiation and development in most cases, epigenetic abnormalities as well as interactions between cancer cells and their environment also play a role.

Preventing Cancer: Identifying Risk Factors

About 40 percent of cancer cases in the U.S. are attributable to preventable causes. It is imperative that all stakeholders work together to disseminate our current knowledge of cancer prevention and implement evidence-based policies to minimize the incidence of preventable cancers.

Screening for Early Detection

Cancer screening refers to checking for precancerous lesions or cancer in people who have no symptoms. Finding precancerous lesions or cancer at an early stage of development makes it more likely that a cancer can be intercepted, and a patient treated successfully.

Transforming Lives through Innovative Cancer Science

The dedicated efforts of individuals working throughout the cycle of medical research are powering the translation of new research discoveries into advances that are improving survival and quality of life for people in the United States and around the world.

Supporting Cancer Patients and Survivors

There are many challenges, including physical, emotional, and psychosocial issues, that are experienced by cancer patients and survivors. The use of palliative care, adoption of a healthy lifestyle, and participation in cancer prehabilitation and rehabilitation programs can help overcome some of these challenges and improve quality of life.

Looking to the Future

the new wave of technologies that are making their way from the bench to the clinic have the potential to transform cancer research and clinical care in the near future.

Combatting Cancer through Science-based, Patient-centered Policies

Federal investments in biomedical research have fueled tremendous advances against cancer. If we are to continue to accelerate the pace of progress against cancer, we need robust, sustained, and predictable annual budget increases for the NIH and NCI.

The AACR Call to Action

The AACR calls on Congress and the Administration to continue to support robust, sustained, and predictable growth of the NIH budget; increase the FDA's discretionary budget authority; and support the CDC Cancer Prevention and Control Programs.

American Association for Cancer Research Foundation
The AACR Cancer Progress Report is published by the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). The mission of the AACR is to prevent and cure cancer through research, education, communication, and collaboration.

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